5 principals of { effective } learning

Stephen Kosslyn, Upword's Chief Learning Advisor, has dedicated his life to the science of learning. He is one of the top experts in learning and cognitive science – and a huge asset for us at Upword. Stephen Kosslyn formulated five principles that underlie effective learning, which we draw on at Upword.

Stephen Kosslyn
Stephen Kosslyn
-
Chief Learning Advisor
8
Min read
1.11.2021

Photo by Kaleidico on Unsplash

1.Deep Processing

Deep processing stems from the idea that increased mental processing associated with one piece of information will lead to higher retention of that information. For example, asking people to pay attention to the meaning of the word, as oppose to how the word sounds, will lead to deeper processing and, ultimately, more effective learning.Upword's audio, translation and annotation tools allow you to be more engaged and process information at a deeper level.

2.Chunking

We are unable to remember too much information at once. But, you can facilitate your learning by organizing the information into about four units, also called chunks. Example: Look at the following sequence of letters for about a second, and see how many you can remember— F B I C I A C N N M T VBy organizing this sequence into chunks— FBI, CIA, CNN, and MTV— you are far more likely to be able to remember all 12 letters.Upword's automated notes - UpNotes - create bite size chunks, extracted from the text for easier consumption.

3.Building Associations

Associating new information with prior knowledge will enhance learning. This concept is similar to chunking, in that we are taking 12 letters that do no mean anything by themselves, and turning them into meaningful acronyms (e.g., FBI and CNN). These associations are important for the integration of new material into what we already know, causing the information to be held in your memory and easier to retrieve later.Take notes in our comments tool to keep your associations and have them for life.

4.Dual Coding (Try our Audio tool!)

Students who learn using auditory, visual, and words tends to learn better. This is because the brain has more than one opportunity to understand and consolidate the information. In addition to texts provided to students, they should try to look at charts, graphs, and diagrams.Use our audio tool to get additional auditory coding to enhance your learning experience.

5.Deliberate Practice

When sitting down to study, it is important to be attentive and concentrated. Learning is improved by focusing on feedback that is provided and using the feedback to correct and update your knowledge.Re-read your UpNotes, highlights, and summaries that are saved in your lifelong library to help focus your studying.

Next time you go to tackle new information, see if you can integrate these five principals to make your learning more effective. Use our helpful features to turn you into a productive and effective learner.

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  • in this article, I will show how to scrape Google play store for app reviews and perform thematic analysis, Completely automated Using Python!